Poliomyelitis (Polio) is a virus-originated disease. This virus resides in the throat and intestinal tract. The ways this virus spread is via contacting with the infected person spool. The virus can also be transmitted through contaminated food or water. Before development of the polio vaccine, many people across the globe were got ill by this virus. Although, this disease cause serious illness in very few people, but the symptoms could be even ends with death. The children under fivers old can be paralyzed as result of the wild poliovirus.
The majority of Polio infected populations are young children. The disease symptoms could be fever, fatigue, and vomiting. Even though there is no cure for this disease, but it can be prevented by vaccination. According to the World Health Organization “Polio does still exist, although polio cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated more than 350 000 cases to 74 reported cases in 2015. This reduction is the result of the global effort to eradicate the disease.”
In 1955 the polio vaccine is being introduced that enabled immunization for transmission of the virus. The two types of vaccine include Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (IPV) and oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV). With proper vaccination during the first 6 years of children age, the spread of polio can be stopped.