Shidella is a group of bacteria that causes diarrhea disease. Almost half million annually people in the United State are effected by this disease. According to Center of Disease Control there are four different species of Shigella, Shigella sonnei, Shigella flexneri, Shigella boydii and Shigella dysenteriae.
The symptoms of this disease are usually appears within first to second days of infection. These symptoms include diarrhea, pain, and fever.
Shigellosis will last up to 7 days in a healthy person. “Persons with diarrhea usually recover completely, although it may be several months before their bowel habits are entirely normal. Once someone has had shigellosis, they are not likely to get infected with that specific type again for at least several years. However, they can still get infected with other types of Shigella.” (https://www.cdc.gov/shigella/general-information.html)
With rest and fluids the normal Shigella can be treated. However, for sever cases antibiotics are also needed to expedite the treatment. But, the Antimicrobial resistance in Shigella causing diarrheal diseases is becoming a important issue for scientists and researchers.
Other solutions to decrease the incidence of the diseases include improving water quality, developing a vaccine; and improving nutrition. These solutions will require to decrease the risk factor and help to diminish the effects of this disease specially in undeveloped countries.
Sack, R. Bradley, et al. “Antimicrobial resistance in organisms causing diarrheal disease.” Clinical infectious diseases 24.Supplement 1 (1997): S102-S105.